Kosovo after 10 years of independence
Prospects and challenges
On 17 February 2008, Kosovo declared its independence, after a period of about 10 years of international administration by the United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK, 1999-2008). The 10th anniversary provides a good moment to take stock of achievements and remaining challenges in Kosovo’s consolidation of statehood. The Albanian-Norwegian Professional Network organizes this event to celebrate and highlight some of the key moments in Kosovo’s tenth anniversary.
Kosovo is recognized by more than 110 UN member States and 23 out of the 28 EU member States. Norway recognized Kosovo on 28 March 2008. Kosovo is a member of UN agencies such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank (WB), as well as the International Olympic Committee (IOC), Venice Commission of the Council of Europe, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and over 70 other regional, European and global organizations, federations and other multilateral forums. The general conclusion of the International Court of Justice in the 2010 Kosovo case states clearly that ‘the adoption of the declaration of independence of 17 February 2008 did not violate general international law, Security Council resolution 1244 (1999) or the Constitutional Framework. Consequently the adoption of that declaration did not violate any applicable rule of international law.’
At the same time, Kosovo remains one of the poorest States in Europe and still isolated because of the lack of progress regarding the visa-free movement in the Schengen area. Other challenges include the finalization of the border demarcation with Montenegro, the expected adoption of a law on association of Serb communes, and the difficult negotiation process with Serbia, facilitated by the EU. The population of Kosovo is young, pro-European, and eager to integrate into the EU. The process of integration of Kosovo into the EU needs to be prioritized and supported by the EU and other States, including Norway.
Programme (each speaker will speak for about 10 minutes):
Mr. Bujar Shala (Høyre) – moderator: Introduction and welcome
Mr. Sedat Burrniku – Chargé d’Affaires, Kosovar embassy at the Kingdom of Sweden: Kosova at 10: Taking stock and moving forward
Mr. Haakon Blankenborg (MFA Norway): The relationship between Norway and Kosovo: Past, present, and future
Mr. Nufri Lekaj (historian and human rights activist): A brief history of Kosova
Mrs. Vlora Haxhimehmedi (Mitrovica municipality): Experiences of State-building from Northern Kosova
Prof. Dr. Gentian Zyberi (UiO): Kosova at 10: An international law perspective
Q&A (30 minutes)