Frigjøringen av Øst-FinnmarkFoto: Krigsarkivet

The liberation of Eastern Finnmark

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The Christmas seminar 2019

Saturday 7. December 2019, at 13:00 until at 17:00

Venue: Kjelleren - The Basement

Host: Barentsinstituttet, UiT Norges arktiske universitet

Entrance: Free entry

The 75th anniversary of liberation of Eastern Finnmark by the Red Army
University of Tromsø – The Arctic University of Norway, Faculty of Humanities, Social Sciences and Education
Barents Institute, Department of Archaeology, History, Religious Studies and Theology

Free entrance and light refreshments

The theme of the Christmas Seminar 2019 is the Liberation of Eastern Finnmark the autumn of 1944. 18 October, the first Soviet soldiers crossed the border to Norway, and on 25 October, Kirkenes was liberated. Thus, Sør-Varanger municipality, as the first area in Norway, was again under Norwegian sovereignty. The Soviet troops stopped in Tana, and Norwegian troops transferred from Scotland and Sweden gradually moved westward in Finnmark. The operations in Norway constituted the final phase of the so-called Petsamo-Kirkenes operation, the Red Army’s major offensive against the German forces on the northern front, which began on 7 October. More than 6,000 Soviet soldiers fell or were captured during the operation. The war on the Litsa front had raged for more than 3 years, and tens of thousands of Soviet and German soldiers had lost their lives. This year’s seminar includes presentations on the liberation of Eastern Finnmark and Europe, the role of diplomacy, prisoners of war and memories of wartime.

 

Program
Chairs: Marianne Neerland Soleim, Victoria V. Tevlina

13.00-13.15: Introduction and greetings – Bjarge Schwenke Fors, PhD, director of the Barents Institute, University of Tromsø – The Arctic University of Norway
-Teimuraz Otarovich Ramishvili, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation to the Kingdom of Norway

13.15-13.30: Rune Rafaelsen, Mayor, Municipality of Sør-Varanger 75 years after the end of the war. The impact of the memory of the Second World War on the North of Norway and Finnmark community today

13.30-13.50: Sven G. Holtsmark, prof., Institute of Defence Studies, Oslo The liberation of the Eastern part of Norway by the Soviet Union in the autumn of 1944 – the first step in the liberation of Norway from German occupation

13.50-14.10: Fredrik Fagertun, assoc. prof., Department of Archaeology, History, Religious Studies and Theology, University of Tromsø – The Arctic University of Norway
The ending of the war in the North: The Petsamo-Kirkenes operation and its immediate and short-term consequences for Northern Finland and North Norway

14.10-14.30 – Coffee Break

14.30-14.50: Alexey A. Komarov, PhD in History, leading researcher at the Institute of World History, Russian Academy of Sciences; prof. II, Department of Archaeology, History, Religious Studies and Theology, University of Tromsø – The Arctic University of Norway, Moscow
The European North at the end of Second World War: War, diplomacy and the Soviet-Norwegian border

14.50-15.10: Jens Petter Nielsen, prof. emeritus, Department of Archaeology, History, Religious Studies and Theology, University of Tromsø – The Arctic University of Norway
«Maksim I. Starostin, Krigsdagbok 1941-1945» [War Diary 1941-1945] (Orkana Akademisk, Oslo 2017): About the origin and peculiarities of the diary written by the first secretary of the Murmansk regional committee of the Soviet Communist Party during the Great Patriotic War

15.10-15.30: Camilla Carlsen, MA in Museum Studies, conservator, Borderland Museum, Kirkenes
The Borderland Museum in Kirkenes: its collections as a starting point for a memorial dialogue about the Second World War in Sør-Varanger

15.30-15.45 – Break

15.45-16.05: Marianne Neerland Soleim, Doctor of Art, assoc. prof., Department of Archaeology, History, Religious Studies and Theology, University of Tromsø – The Arctic University of Norway The Second World War as a Norwegian-Russian memory

16.05-16.30: The documentary Film “Memory. Norwegian phenomenon. Russians in Kirkenes in war and post-war times in the North of Norway” (2018-2019, made by a Norwegian-Russian-Dutch team of operators and producers)

16.30-16.45: Øyvind Nordsletten, former Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Kingdom of Norway in the Russian Federation and Consul General in Murmansk
Some reflections on the past, present and future of Norwegian-Russian relations

16.45-17.00: Questions and discussion
Academic organizers and coordinators of the seminar
Marianne Neerland Soleim – associate prof., University of Tromsø – The Arctic University of Norway; Victoria V. Tevlina – prof., University of Tromsø – The Arctic University of Norway, prof., Northern (Arctic) Federal University; Jens Petter Nielsen, prof. emeritus, University of Tromsø – The Arctic University of Norway; Anne Figenschou, adviser, Barents Institute, Univ